Jakarta, TOPNews Indonesia –
If you want to change your profession to become a farmer, or want to get started gardening, there’s nothing wrong with you choosing porang plants for cultivation.
This one plant has high economic value. In addition, porang can be processed into many kinds of food, even industrial raw materials. Because of the wide market, this plant could be your choice for farming.
Benefits of Porang Fruit
Porang is basically a type of tubers in the species Amorphophallus muelleri blume. Porang is widely spread on the island of Java, because the contours of the soil and the climate in the Java region are most suitable for its growth.
Porang fruit can be processed into environmentally friendly glues, mixed materials for the paper industry, adhesives, paints, cotton fabrics, wool, natural cloth polishes, water cleaners, medicinal ingredients, to electrical insulators.
The fruit can also be used as Japanese food ingredients such as Shirataki noodles or konjac noodles. Porang can also be used as a thickener for ice cream.
Porang Selling Price
The Ministry of Agriculture on its official website said that this plant has a great opportunity to be exported. This is a strategic value for this plant.
According to the Agricultural Quarantine Agency’s record, exports of porang in 2018 were recorded at 254 tons, with an export value of IDR 11.31 billion to Japan, China, Vietnam, Australia and others.
There are not many porang farmers at this time. Many porang tubers still come from the forest and are not cultivated. Several porang flour processing centers currently exist in several areas such as Pasuruan, Madiun, Wonogiri, Bandung, Maros, Tapanuli, and Padangsidimpuan.
The Belawan Quarantine Center noted that porang exports from North Sumatra Province (North Sumatra) throughout 2020 reached 861 tons with a value of IDR 19.1 billion. This kind of tuber plant is exported to China, Thailand, Vietnam and Japan.
The price of porang can reach IDR 2,500 for one tuber weighing 4 kilograms. For an area of 1 hectare, as many as 6,000 seeds can be planted, so that they can produce 24 tons / hectare.
How to Grow Porang Plants
Before planting, there are 3 things you should pay attention to.
First, pay attention to the soil in which you will plant the parong. The soil should be loose, not too wet, and have a soil acidity of 6-7. The soil structure is a mixture of sandy clay and free from weeds.
You must also pay attention to the suitable climate for growing porang. Ideally, porang is planted in the highlands of 100-600 meters above sea level, with sufficient sunlight.
Then pay attention to the environment around the planting location. Porang needs other plants to grow as hosts. Some types of plants that are good for sheltering porang include banana, ginger, areca nut, mahogany, teak, and sonokeling.
After knowing these requirements, here are the stages of planting porang:
Before planting, prepare the porang planting area first. Following are the steps to prepare planting land for porang:
– Prepare stakes or bamboo stalks to straighten the plant
– Make a distance between the stakes of 1 meter x 1 meter specifically for tuber and frog seeds
– After that, make a planting hole with a size of 20 cm x 20 cm x 20 cm. However, you can adjust it to the size of the seeds used
– Enter the porong seedlings into the planting hole with the location of the buds facing up
– Cover the planting hole with 3 cm thick soil
For the record, when using nodule (frog) seeds, do not turn the buds so that the plant can grow well.
If using seeds, carefully insert the roots into the hole to prevent damage to the roots and make sure to cover the hole evenly.
If you use tuber seeds, you don’t need to care too much about placing the buds face up or down.
The basic fertilizer is applied before the tubers are planted using bokashi fertilizer mixed with top soil as much as half a kilo per hole. As for frog seeds, bokashi fertilizer is mixed into the soil around the stalks.
(mel / asr)