Jakarta, TOPNews Indonesia –
Zakat fitrah It is an obligation for every Muslim who is able to give part of his property to those who are entitled to receive accordingly Islamic law.
As one of the pillars in the pillars of Islam, zakat is aimed at increasing our faith in Allah so that our wealth and soul are cleansed from various diseases.
In addition, paying zakat fitrah serves as a complement to fasting. This is as explained in the hadith:
“(Fasting) in the month of Ramadan is hung between the heavens and the earth, it is not raised to Allah except by means of zakat fitrah,” (HR Ad-Dailami).
Zakat fitrah is obligatory for people who can afford it, so that people who lack basic food during holidays are considered incapable and are not obliged to carry out zakat fitrah.
For more details, the following are the mandatory terms or conditions for zakat fitrah.
Illustration. The conditions for compulsory zakat fitrah include being Muslim, independent, capable, and meeting the mandatory zakat time. (Photo: iStockphoto / hilal abdullah)
Property owners are required to be Muslims because zakat is a form of worship that is prescribed to Muslims. Thus, it is not obligatory for zakat for non-Muslim groups.
People who pay zakat fitrah are free people, not from among slaves or slaves.
3. Capable or sufficient
A person who has an excess of his basic daily needs is obliged to pay zakat fitrah for muzakki and the person he is obliged to support (including to pay debts and wages for servants).
4. Meet the mandatory time for zakat
The time for zakat is obligatory, namely when the sun sets on the last day of Ramadan at the beginning of the month of Shawwal (the evening of Eid Al-Fitr).
Zakat fitrah is paid until the deadline before Eid prayer. To refer NU Online, the provisions of zakat fitrah refer to the hadith of the Prophet Muhammad:
فرض رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم زكاة الفطر صاعا من تمر, أوصاعا من شعير, على العبد والحر, والذكر والأنثى, والصغير والكبير من المسلمين, وأمر بها أن تؤدى قبل خروج الناس إلى الصلاة
This means: “Rasulullah SAW has obliged zakat fitrah as much as one sack of dates or wheat for Muslims, both slaves and ordinary people, men and women, children, and adults. He told them to pay zakat fitrah before leaving (to the mosque) Eid. . ” (Narrated by Bukhari and Muslim).
Meanwhile, there are also criteria or conditions for people who are not obliged to pay zakat fitrah, including:
- People who die before sunset at the end of Ramadan
- Children born after sunset at the end of Ramadan
- People who convert to Islam only after sunset at the end of Ramadan
- The dependents of his newly married wife after sunset at the end of Ramadan.
Those are the 4 mandatory requirements for zakat fitrah. If you have fulfilled the requirements both in terms of individuals and assets, it is advisable to fulfill it immediately.