Jakarta, TOPNews Indonesia –
The Makassar Grand Mosque in Makassar, South Sulawesi Province, holds many historical stories that are not widely known.
One of the stories about a place of worship which is located on Jalan Masjid Raya, Bontoala District, this is when he witnessed the struggle of the people of Makassar to expel the invaders.
Then the initial design of the mosque, which was designed by Mohammad Sobardjo, turned out to be similar to the bomber body of the United States which was an ally of the Dutch troops. This allied bomber B-29 was used during the Second World War.
“The old Grand Mosque was designed by the winner of the competition, Mohammad Sobardjo. From the design it resembles the fuselage of the B-29 aircraft,” said Imam Rawatib II of the Makassar Great Mosque M Syahrir, Tuesday (4/5).
From several scientific research results, said Syahrir, this design was inspired by the worries of the Makassar people about the bomber planes that often cross the city sky.
“From historical research it is more or less like that,” he said.
According to Syahrir, the land which is now occupied by the Great Mosque of Makassar was once a field that was used to play football.
During the Dutch East Indies period, this land was held in its current term Eigendom Vervonding, under the names Liong Soeisie De Stadsgemeente and Het Gouvememet Van Nederlansche.
However, during the independence of the Indonesian nation, Syahrir explained, the land was then taken over and fully controlled by the state. Furthermore, a permit was given to be used by the community by establishing a management body.
“Then it is managed for community worship activities. This land covers an area of 13,912 cubic meters,” he explained.
In 1947 the construction of the mosque was initiated by Anregurutta Kyai Haji Ahmad Bone, who was the elder of the founder of Nahdlatul Ulama (NU) South Sulawesi.
“A committee was formed and KH Mukhtar Lutfi was elected as the committee for building a mosque,” he said.
On May 27, 1949, the building of the Great Mosque of Makassar was inaugurated and the community at that time was able to use it for worship.
However, said Syahrir, on August 5, 1950, the Dutch East Indies army, Koninklijke Nederlands (ch) -Indische Leger (KNIL) shot a shooting incident.
The reason was, the ulama at that time were deemed to have proclaimed Indonesia’s independence so they were shot dead.
On the previous day, on August 4 to be precise, the scholars helped explain to the public the meaning of the proclamation of independence in a Friday sermon.
“At that time, the ulama who fell victim to his status as general chairman of the Makassar Grand Mosque,” he added.
In 1957, Indonesia’s first president, Soekarno, visited and held Friday prayers in the congregation.
Bung Karno, he continued, had the aim of having a dialogue and inviting the leader of the Darul Islam-Indonesian Islamic Army (DI-TII) Kahar Muzakkar to rejoin Indonesia.
Several years later, the second President of the Republic of Indonesia, Soeharto, visited the Makassar Grand Mosque in 1967.
At that time the president provided assistance of Rp. 50 million to the Mahad Manahilil Ulum Guppi Islamic Boarding School in Samata Village, Somba Opu District, Gowa Regency.
Apart from being used as a place of worship, this mosque is also actively used as a place for other religious activities, such as general recitation to guidance on the Koran, so that the community at that time actively participated in a series of activities that were carried out almost every day.
Since the laying of the first stone, several parts of the mosque building have been damaged, including on the roof and dome of the mosque, because they have reached 30 years of age. Then in 1978 the damaged part of the mosque was renovated.
“When it was renovated, it did not change the original shape of the mosque, it only replaced the roof support beam frame which was rotted by termites,” he explained.
When the renovations were carried out, Syahrir said, came from a number of philanthropists, including the Commander of Kodam VII Wirabuana (now Kodam XIV Hasanuddin), Maj. Gen. Nana Nurandana, former Governor of South Sulawesi, Andi Oddang and Ahmad Lamo.
“However, the results of the renovations are not quite encouraging, because there are still parts that are damaged,” he said.
As a result of the damage at that time, said Syahrir, one of the congregation was hit by damaged building materials to death. From that incident, he continued, the mosque management then thought to dismantle and design a strong mosque building for quite a long time.
So that on October 9, 1999, the Great Mosque of Makassar underwent major renovations and the former South Sulawesi Governor, HZB Palaguna laid the first stone for the initial construction of the mosque.
However, only the dome of the mosque minaret has been left intact. The reason is, the dome was a gift from the King of Bima, Sultan Kaharuddin to commemorate history as a symbol of friendship.
The dome measuring 36 meters at the top of the mosque was specially imported from Australia with an estimated budget of Rp 25 billion.
The mosque with a size of 36×36 meters has undergone a drastic change after renovation. The mosque design is claimed to be modern architecture. Meanwhile, the mosque’s mihrab reminds us of the greatness of Islam in Cordoba, Spain.
The Great Mosque of Makassar has an attraction in the two minarets, each of which is about 66.66 meters high and is surrounded by 4 small domes to the beauty of the lines of calligraphy that adorn the walls and ceiling of the mosque.
(mir / ard)