Jakarta, TOPNews Indonesia –
Recent studies have found a link between sardine and diabetes. Regular consumption of sardines has been found to be preventive diabetes.
The benefits of sardines are widely known. High levels of healthy fats help regulate cholesterol levels and prevent cardiovascular disease.
A recent study led by Diana Diaz Rizzolo of the Universitat Oberta de Catalunya found that regular consumption of sardines helps prevent the emergence of type 2 diabetes. Nutrients such as taurine, omega-3, calcium, and vitamin D help protect the body from the threat of diabetes.
“Sardines are not only affordable and easy to find, but also safe for consumption to reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes,” wrote Diaz Rizollo, citing News Medical.
Study published in the journal Clinical Nutrition This involved 12 patients aged 65 years and over diagnosed with prediabetes or blood sugar levels between 100-124 mg / dL.
All patients had a proper diet to reduce the risk of diabetes. However, one intervention group received an additional 200 grams of sardines per week. Participants were advised to eat whole sardines, without removing the bones, because they are very rich in calcium and vitamin D.
Researchers followed patients via a questionnaire at the start and end of the study over a span of one year. Consumption of sardines has been found to prevent diabetes.
In the nonintervention group, 27 percent were found to be at high risk for diabetes in the early stages. One year later, 22 percent of them were found to remain at high risk for diabetes.
Meanwhile, in the intervention group (with additional intake of sardines), 37 percent were found to be at high risk of diabetes in the early stages. This figure decreased to only 8 percent of them who remained at high risk of diabetes at the end of the study in the second year.
Improvements were also seen in other important biochemical parameters, such as a decrease in the insulin resistance index, an increase in good cholesterol (HDL), an increase in hormones that accelerate the breakdown of glucose, and a decrease in triglyceride levels and blood pressure.