TOPNews – Fasting Ramadan is one of the worships that must be done by every Muslim around the world, which is carried out once a year. Every month of fasting, Muslims always compete to increase worship and charity in the month of Ramadan. Because in the month of Ramadan every good deed is multiplied and there is a lot of forgiveness from Allah SWT, as Allah says in Surah Al-Baqarah verse 183 which means:
It means: O you who believe, fasting has been prescribed for you as it was prescribed for those before you so that you may become pious
Although fasting in Ramadan is an obligatory fast, Allah makes it easy for people who are unable to fast due to illness, are on a journey or traveller, and women are on their way to menstruation. But this becomes a qadha fast and must be replaced when it returns and can carry out fasting, as the word of Allah in the Qur’an Al-Baqarah verse 184 which reads:
It means: (ie) in a certain number of days. So whoever among you is sick or on a journey (then he breaks his fast), then (it is obligatory for him to fast) as much as the day he left on the other days. And it is obligatory for those who find it difficult (if they do not fast) to pay fidyah, (ie): to feed a poor person. Whoever willingly does good, that is better for him. And fasting is better for you if you knew.
The way to pay the debt of fasting instead (fasting qadha) is the same as fasting in the month of Ramadan. This activity begins with reading the intention to pay the debt of fasting at night or at dawn, and it is necessary to remember that the intention of fasting instead (fasting qadha) is different from the intention of fasting in the month of Ramadan.
Fasting Intentions Replace the Month of Ramadan
The intention of fasting instead (fasting qadha) is as follows:
Nawaitu shauma ghadin ‘an qadha’ I fardhi syahri Ramadhana lillahi ta’ala
It means: “I intend to make up for the fasting month of Ramadan tomorrow because of Allah SWT”
According to the Shafi’i school, the reading of the intention to replace the fast of Ramadan is known to be recited at night before fasting. The recommendation to make an intention to replace the fast of Ramadan at night is also based on the hadith of the Prophet Muhammad:
“Whoever does not night the intention before dawn, then there is no fasting for him.’ Therefore, there is no other way except intending to fast every day based on the redaction of zahir hadith.”