Jakarta, TOPNews Indonesia —
The ketogenic diet or better known keto diet reported to cause greater long-term health risks. According to a new study published in Frontiers in Nutrition, the keto diet could be the culprit chronic disease.
This peer-reviewed study, seven medical and nutrition researchers at institutions in the US and Canada reviewed 123 previous studies.
By analyzing the available literature on keto, the researchers found that the keto diet is not safe for pregnant people, people who may become pregnant, and those with kidney disease.
They concluded that keto can also cause long-term complications of chronic diseases, such as cancer, heart disease, and Alzheimer’s disease for most people.
As reported Very Well HealthThis type of diet is usually very restrictive of carbohydrate intake but is high in protein. Consumption of foods like this is done to achieve ketosis, where the body will burn the remaining fat.
By limiting carbohydrate intake, the keto diet forces the body to break down fat into ketones as an alternative energy source.
Keto has indeed been popular for losing excess weight. Even so, there are a number of side effects that can be caused if this diet is carried out long-term.
Assistant Professor of Medicine at George Washington University School of Medicine, Neal Bernard and author of the study, said carbohydrates are not bad to eat and can still lose weight without stopping consumption of these foods.
On the other hand, the type of food consumed while on the keto diet is at risk for cancer.
In addition, the researchers found that limiting carbohydrates before or during pregnancy was associated with an increased risk of birth defects and gestational diabetes.
Barnard adds that most humans are vulnerable to the risks associated with a very strict keto diet.
“If you eat meat for a week, your cholesterol levels will go up and you may have a heart attack,” he said.
Despite the strict keto diet, Barnard suggests that there are better diet approaches than keto.
“Carbohydrates are not bad. Whole grains and legumes and fruits and vegetables should be our staples,” he said, adding that a plant-based diet was predicted to lower cholesterol, blood pressure and blood sugar.